Where does it fit in Hawaiian Kingdom history?
The Kūʻē Petition of 1897 was successful. There was no Treaty of Annexation. The U.S. Senate devised another way to take Hawaiʻi, through an internal or municipal document called “The Newlands Resolution.” At the time, Congress knew that a resolution could not legally affect any territory beyond the boundaries of the United States. However, Congress used the impending war with Spain to justify taking Hawaiʻi as a refueling station for American ships engaged in the war. American scholars began to re-write history, treating a resolution as if it were a treaty of annexation and through a carefully orchestrated manipulation of history, our story, Hawaiʻi’s story, became buried under carefully told lies in order to cover up an illegality. And thereafter, through a takeover of the educational system in Hawaiʻi, the population, over generations, was denied an honest accounting of our own history and who we are as a people. The takeover, using military force, was in actuality an occupation of the peaceful and neutral country of the Hawaiian Kingdom by the U.S., with support from (enforcement by) its military. And the imposition for over a century of American law, customs, history, and culture have resulted in a kind of mass “forgetting” and the loss of a Hawaiian national consciousness. Americanization has replaced the Hawaiian national character with an American national character. Hawaiians today become confused when presented with this information. It is not uncommon to witness overwhelming emotional reactions of present day Hawaiians, who see and touch for the first time the signature of a kupuna.